Flooding combined with landslides has been a major threat in Brazil compared to other types of disasters where most of these floods caused human lives and economic losses. For example, major floods in 2004-2006, 2010 contributed to several hundred millions of economic losses; 2008 floods and landslides in Blumenau killed 24 people and evacuated 25, 000 homes (Ceped.ufsc.br); 2011 flood in Rio de Janerio and São Paulo killed over 800 people and made 100,000 homeless (preventionweb); and 2017 floods and landslides in Rio Grande do Sul evacuated over 40,000 homes (floodlist.com). The impacts and subsequent economic losses have significantly increased in the past decade due to the country’s socio-economic development activities in urban areas. Recent UK flooding indicates that it’s likely to happen yearly and the UK government has taken some initiatives to tackle the risks such as £1million for natural flood management competition, annual scheme to replenish beaches to reduce flood risk, Leeds Flood Alleviation Scheme; and prototype flood-resilient home etc.
The workshop will create a platform for knowledge sharing and best practice transfers between UK and Brazil with the aim to enhance the capacity of social-ecological systems to adapt to floods and associated risks. Lack of social-ecological resilience to flood risks has been an ongoing problem in Itajaí Valley´s history. The urban sprawl at river waterfront, harvest of wood resource to build shanty neighbourhood and the climate change with intense rain lead to high environmental risk and erosion of social ecological systems. In this contexts the objectives of the workshop are